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Gorilla Tracking in Uganda Part 1: The First Sighting
#Uganda is home to half of the world's 700 mountain gorillas. We got #active and went out into the #nature preserve to track down one of the gorilla families. The sight of the strong but majestic animals was one of the most amazing things I've ever seen in my life.
The walkie-talkie crackles. Our guide Benjamin listens intently and whispers back in the local Rukiga language. “We’ve found the gorillas. A male and a female. They are just ahead,” he announces. “Are you ready?”
We drop our bags and proceed in silence through the thick and wet jungle with nothing more than our cameras. Even our porters have left us to our own devices. Walking at the end of the line in our group of eight, I pick up my pace. My heart is racing in my chest – the mountain gorilla is one of the world’s most endangered animals and I may be on the verge of my first sighting.
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As we emerge from the thick bush, I hear sounds of leaves brushing against one another, before I see them. A sense of awe sweeps through me and my eyes grow wide in bewilderment.
The mountain gorilla is one of the world’s most endangered animals and I may be on the verge of my first sighting.
A pair of mountain gorillas are lying quietly under a tree, nestled in a bed of thick fronds. Both of them look on serenely, lounging around like a pair of lovebirds enjoying an afternoon out in the park. We tiptoe our way around them and their eyes follow us. Officially we’re not supposed to get closer than 7m, but the only way past is the trail we’re on and that brings us within a meter or so from them…
“The male is the one that is lying down,” whispers Benjamin. “The other one that has her arm lying on him is the female.”
At first, we go crazy with our cameras, snapping like over-enthusiastic paparazzi. But eventually, we’re all hit by the fact that such moments are hard to come by. It’s so easy to get caught up and forget how privileged we are to be here — this close to an animal of this size and stature in the wild. We stare dumbfounded, eyeball to eyeball with the pair of beautiful giants.
We stare dumbfounded, eyeball to eyeball with the pair of beautiful giants.
Penetrating the Impenetrable
Traipsing our way through the thick and lush Tarzan-like jungle setting, we are in the heart of one of the wildest landscapes on Earth. Situated along the border with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo in East Africa, the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in southern Uganda is 128 square miles of wild jungle, thickets of ferns, flowing streams, impervious vegetation.
Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the forest is one of the richest ecosystems in Africa and is home to over 120 species of mammals, 348 species of birds, 220 species of butterflies, 27 species of frogs, chameleons, geckos and many endangered species. Of all the species, the mountain gorilla is the star of the show.
the forest is one of the richest ecosystems in Africa
There are only 700 mountain gorillas left in the world and the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is home to almost half of them. Although numbers are increasing, they are still listed as ‘critically endangered’. Mountain gorillas are the most famous and most expensive to visit wild apes (if not animals) on earth — with gorilla tracking permits in Uganda (which only give you one hour with the gorillas) going for around US$580. Revenues largely fund their other national parks, as well as hundreds of community projects.
Visits are tightly controlled to minimize negative impacts on the gorillas, limited to only one group of eight or fewer visitors per habituated gorilla family, for one hour per day. Based on the strict rules and regulations, it’s evident that the Ugandan government is doing a good job protecting the gorillas and their natural environment. In fact, from what I heard, the government is giving so much emphasis on the gorillas that the average lifespan of a mountain gorilla in Uganda is now at 52 — higher than the average life expectancy of Ugandans.
There are only 700 mountain gorillas left in the world.
Walking in Unchartered Territories
Gorilla tracking, however, is no stroll in the park. The length and difficulty of your trek depends on which gorilla family you’re assigned to by the authorities. The rainforest is full of horrible stinging nettles and the mountain slopes can get muddy and slippery especially after the rain. As what you would expect to find in an ‘impenetrable forest’, sprawling vines dangle from above, thorns easily pierce through trousers and shirts, and twigs often appear sharply out of nowhere. Bushes and undergrowth can be so thick that it’s easy to step in and get entangled within a thorny thicket.
Prior to our trek, friends who had done their trek on the previous day warned us about the challenging terrain. They had hiked for three and a half hours, through vertiginous slopes and hair-raising conditions, before having their first gorilla sighting. They were all thankful to have had hired porters who not only carried their daypacks for them, but also helped them up and down slippery and steep parts of the hike. One of them even said, “I don’t think I would have made it out of the jungle without my porter.”
“I don’t think I would have made it out of the jungle without my porter.”
Thankfully, our group is assigned to track the Bwenza family, one of the five habituated families in the southern part of the national park. We are extremely lucky — it only takes one and a half hours of leisure hiking, up and down gentle slopes and crossing just one small stream, before we find the first pair of gorillas.
Even though I didn’t really need help, I am still glad I hired a porter. Charles, only eighteen years of age, is quickly becoming my new friend. We chat along the way and he tells me all about his family, his hometown, and his Rukiga language. He doesn’t speak much English, but he is clearly eager to learn. “My English no good, I go to school now to study. Next time I become guide.” I give him a wide smile and wish him best of luck.